Top 50 Most Expensive Paintings

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Impressionist paintings are some of the most sought after in the international art market.

This page provides information about the most expensive of impressionist works.

Cezanne's The Card Players tops our list, having been sold for $259 million in 2002 (giving it a current price* of $340 million). The average current price of the top 10 works is a whopping $124 million.

Paul Cezanne has three works in the top five, with works by Pierre-Auguste Renoir, Claude Monet and Edouard Manet all making the top ten. And the list of the top 20 dearest impressionist paintings is dominated by Claude Monet, with 12 entries.

The impressionist market show no sign of cooling off: one ofMonet's Haystackswas sold by Sotheby's New York in May 2019 for $110.7 million.

Other entries in the list are by lesser known impressionists including Berthe Morisot, Frederic Bazille and Alfred Sisley.

* To ensure a fair comparison between paintings sold at different times in different currencies, we have converted the sale price into dollars using the exchange rate on the date of sale and then updated that figure to reflect inflation until January 2019 (at the rate of 3% per year, compounded annually). All references to $ are to United States Dollars.

November 2019 Update:Sotheby's New York held its latest impressionist evening sale on 12 November 2019. Monet's Charing Cross Bridge was the stand-out lot, achieving a price of $27.6 million. Caillebotte's Richard Gallo and His Dog also did well, being sold for $19.68 million.

1. Cezanne: The Card Players

Cezanne painted a number of portraits of Hortense Fiquet, his wife and the mother of his son, before the two became estranged late in his life.
Sale Price: Adjusted Price: Date of Sale: Buyer/Seller:
$259m $338.4m Feb 2002 State of Qatar/ George Embiricos

In early 2002, the tiny oil-rich State of Qatar purchased one of Cezanne's five Card Players for a reported price of $259 million.

The adjusted price to take account of inflation is $338.4 million.

The painting had been owned by Greek shipping magnate George Embiricos, who rarely showed it and had rejected offers for the work for decades.

Towards the end of his life he relented and entered into negotiations with the State of Qatar, finalised by his executors after his death.

The painting

Of the five versions of the Card Players that Paul Cezanne painted in the early to mid-1890s, this work is thought to be the last.

It is certainly the most stripped-back of the collection, the earliest members of which feature three card players. The men playing cards are farmhands from Cezanne's beloved Provence that the artist paid to model for him.

A painters pallete Interesting fact...

Cezanne was a perfectionist. He sometimes required models to pose on scores of occasions before he was happy with the portrait he was painting of them. And on occasion he ripped up the finished product because he deemed it substandard.

Painted in c. 1895, towards the end of Cezanne's life, Card Players is an iconic work: even those who are not impressionist fans are likely to recognise it.

It is remarkable for a number of reasons:

  • The players are inert and totally focussed on their game, much as Cezanne was by this stage of his life obsessed by his art.
  • The proportions and scale of the painting are not quite right: check out the small heads, large bodies and long arms.
  • Both players retain their hats, perhaps a nod to Cezanne's father's first business (he owned a hat making company).
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2. Renoir: Bal du Moulin de la Galette

Renoir's Dance du Moulin de la Galette
Sale Price: Adjusted Price: Date of Sale: Buyer/Seller:
$78m $187.8m May 1990 Betsey Whitney/ Ryoei Saito

The smaller of the two versions of Renoir's Bal du Moulin de la Galette (Dance at the Galette Windmill) was sold in May 1990 for $78 million.

This gives it an adjusted price of a whopping $187.8 million.

The sale

The painting was sold by Betsey Whitney (a philanthropist and former daughter-in-law of John F Kennedy) to Ryoei Saito (the chairman of a Japanese paper manufacturing company) at an auction at Sotheby's New York.

At the time, it was the second most expensive painting of any type ever sold (second to van Gogh's Portrait of Dr. Gachet). It is now thought to be housed in a private collection in Switzerland, with the larger version in the permanent collection of the Musee d'Orsay. The painting's first owner was the impressionist Gustave Caillebotte.

A painters pallete Interesting fact...

Auguste Renoir was the son of a tailor and a seamstress. He started his artistic career at the age of 13 when he was apprenticed to a porcelain manufacturer. Renoir painted crockery for a number of years and was known by his co-workers as "Monsieur Rubens" because of his speed and skill.

The painting

The painting is of an outdoor dance area at the Moulin de la Galette, a windmill in Montmatre (then on the outskirts of Paris and now part of the city) which had been converted into an outdoor cafe and dance hall.

Painted in 1878, the work is classic Renoir. First, it is a painting of pure joy: people are chatting, flirting, dancing and generally having fun. Secondly, the painting is thoroughly modern: see the prominent use of electric lighting and the latest fashions (particularly the straw hats worn by a number of the men). Thirdly, it is painted in Renoir's characteristic style: glossy, fluid and rich.

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3. Cezanne: Mont Saint Victoire

Paul Cezanne's Mont Saint-Victoire from Chateaux Noir is the third most expensive impressionist painting ever sold.
Sale Price: Adjusted Price: Date of Sale: Buyer/Seller:
$100m $123.2m 2013 State of Qatar/ Esdel & Eleanor Ford House

Mont Saint Victoire: view from the Grove of Chateau Noir is one of over forty watercolours produced by Cezanne of this imposing mountain.

It was sold in 2013 for $100 million, giving it an adjusted price of $123.2 million.

The sale

The painting was sold by the Esdel & Eleanor Ford House (a philanthropic foundation emanating from the wealth of Henry Ford) to the State of Qatar by way of private sale. The price was described by some as "astronomical", prompting the question whether the State of Qatar overpaid.

A painters pallete Interesting fact...

Paul Cezanne was an odd character. The first time he was introduced to fellow impressionist Edouard Manet, he refused to shake Manet's hand because he "hadn't washed in two weeks".

Cezanne and Provence

Paul Cezanne was a proud Provencal man, born and raised in Aix-en-Provence. He moved to Paris in the early 1860s to seek his fame and fortune. But it was a long time coming. His first two decades as an artist were full of rejection and hostile reviews.

Cezanne moved back to Aix in the late 1870s and thereafter focussed on its landscapes, people and still lifes composed of its products (apples in particular). He was particularly obsessed with Mont Saint-Victoire, the 1011 metre mountain close to Aix. When pastels, oils and watercolours are taken into account, he painted it over 85 times.

Painted in 1904, the work is typical of Cezanne's output at the end of his life: eyesight problems caused him to paint in a very minimalistic style, with small parts of the canvass not used at all.

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4. Monet: Le Bassin aux Nymphéas

Claude Monet's Le Bassin Aux Numpheas sold in 2008 for £40.9 million
Sale Price: Adjusted Price: Date of Sale: Buyer/Seller:
$40.9m $113.2m June 2008 J. Irwin and Xenia S. Miller to undisclosed buyer

The Water Lilies are Claude Monet's and perhaps impressionism's most famous works.

This six- by three-foot version, Le Bassin Aux Nympheas (the Water Lily Pond), sold for £40.9 million at Christie's London in 2008, giving it an adjusted price of $113.2 million as of January 2019.

In total, Monet painted over 250 Water Lilies over the final three decades of his life. They vary considerably in size, colour and motif (some of lilies close up, others of ponds, bridges or featuring adjacent gardens).

A painters pallete Interesting fact...

Claude Monet lived much of his early life as a painter in poverty. He often sent begging letters to his friends and supporters, asking for as little as 20 francs (because, for example, the baker or the butcher would give him no more credit and he could not feed his wife and young family).

The water lilies were painted in the gardens of Monet's family home in Giverny, north-west of Paris, where Monet moved in the early 1880s and lived until his death in 1926.

Monet found peace there, after a difficult early life which involved living in penury, being routinely rejected by the conservative art establishment, the death of his first wife at the age of 32, and an (albeit half-hearted) attempt at suicide.

Le Bassin Aux Nympheas is considered an especially fine example of Monet's later works. Completed in 1919, it was signed and sold by Monet. This is by contrast with much of Monet's late output, which remained in his studios at his death: Monet was a perfectionist and great tinkerer!

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5. Cezanne: Rideau, Cruchon et Compotier

Paul Cezanne's still life entitled Rideau, Cruchon et Compotier sold for $60.5 million in 1999.
Sale Price: Adjusted Price: Date of Sale: Buyer/Seller:
$60.5m $111.5m May 1999 Whitney family to undisclosed buyer

Cezanne's Rideau, Cruchon et Compotier (the Jug, Curtain and Fruit Bowl) is the most expensive still life ever sold.

It fetched $60.5 million when auctioned by Sotheby's in New York in May 1999, giving it an adjusted price of $111.5 million

Cezanne painted a number of still lifes in his later years, Rideau, Cruchon et Compotier having been painted between 1893 and 1894. Though not mentioned in the title, the painting contains a number of apples: a Cezanne favourite. The artist once remarked to his son that "With an apple I want to astonish Paris".

A painters pallete Interesting fact...

Paul Cezanne had a difficult relationship with his father. For example, he kept the fact that he had a son secret for almost a decade (his father discovering it when he opened some post and saw a reference to "Little Paul").

Cezanne had a particularly hard road to success. His work was routinely rejected when it was submitted to the exhibition of the Fine Arts Academy. And when Cezanne exhibited in the independent impressionist exhibitions, he was singled out for particular criticism (often being described as a "madman").

It is, then, ironic that a century later three of the five most expensive impressionist paintings are Cezannes.

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6. Monet: Haystacks

This version of Monet's Haystacks was recently sold by Sotheby's New York for $110 million.
Sale Price: Adjusted Price: Date of Sale: Buyer/Seller:
$110.7m $110.7m May 2019 Unknown

The Haystacks are an iconic series painted by Claude Monet in the early 1890s.

This version fetched $110.7 million when auctioned by Sotheby's in New York on 14 May 2019.

The Haystacks series

Monet moved to Giverny in 1883, but spent much of his time in the following decade travelling to places including southern France to find exotic new subjects to paint.

The Haystacks series is different: they are paintings of stacks of wheat that were a common sight in the French countryside; and they were produced a stone's throw from Monet's house in Giverny.

Sotheby's sale catagloue for its May 2019 auction rightly described the Haystacks series as the

"most definitive artistic series of the nineteenth century"

In total, Monet painted 25 Haystacks between 1889 and 1892. Fifteen of them were shown at a solo exhibition put on by Monet's dealer Paul Durand-Ruel in Paris in May 1891. Selling out within days, the series did much to establish Monet as an international superstar.

The 25 Haystacks are far from identical. They include sunrises and sunsets, paintings of the Haystacks in snow, and paintings in different seasons. They influenced both Vincent van Gogh and Wassily Kandinsky.

The painting

This version is 72.7 by 92.6 centimetres, produced in 1890 and signed "Claude Monet '91" (it was probably touched up in Monet's Giverny studio). It depicts a series of receding haystacks at sunrise and has been described as the "most evocative and glorious example" of the Haystacks series.

The painting has also proved to be a remarkable investment. When it was last sold, in 1986, it fetched just $2.5 million!

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7. Monet: Haystacks

This version of Monet's Haystacks was sold in 2016 for $81.4 million.
Sale Price: Adjusted Price: Date of Sale: Buyer/Seller:
$81.4m $89.4m November 2016 Unknown

Next on our list is a second member of the Haystacks series.

It fetched $81.4 million when auctioned by Christie's in New York in November 2016, giving it an adjusted price of $89.4 million.

A painters pallete Technically speaking

Although popularly known as Haystacks the better translation is Grainstacks: the wheat has not yet been thrashed and so contains grain, husk and hay!

The painting

Unlike the previous entry, this version of Haystacks shows the sun setting and is unique on account of its deep red hues. It was sold after a 14-minute battle involving five bidders.

It is almost exactly the same size as entry number 6 on out list (72.7 x 92.1 cms), and was also painted in 1890 and signed "Claude Monet '91".

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8. Monet: Nympheas en Fleur

Claude Monet's Water Lilies in Bloom recently fetched $84 million.
Sale Price: Adjusted Price: Date of Sale: Buyer/Seller:
$84,687,500 $89m May 2018 Peggy and David Rockefeller to undisclosed buyer

Monet's Nympheas en Fleur (Water Lilies in Bloom), painted during the First World War, is the second Monet Water Lily entry in our list.

It recently fetched $84.7 million when auctioned by Christie's in New York in May 2018, giving it an adjusted price of $89 million

The painting

This is another enormous painting, measuring 160.3 by 180 centimetres. But, in contrast to the first Water Lily painting on our list, Nympheas en Fleur is a study of a much smaller section of Monet's lily ponds.

It was painted in a burst of creativity between 1914 and 1917, when Monet threw himself into his work painting 60 canvasses while the first world war was taking place just hundreds of kilometres away (Giverny is about 150 kms from the Somme).

A painters pallete Interesting fact...

As Monet's fame spread, a number of budding mainly American artists settled close to Monet's home in Giverny. Monet hated the so-called Givernists, wanting to be left alone (one report describes him as "extremely ill-tempered"). But his step-daughter, Suzanne, ended up marrying one of them, a man called Theodore Butler.

By this stage, Monet had agreed to donate a series of his water lilies to the French state (known as the Grand Decorations). The 22 works that were bequeathed on his death measure, in some cases, upwards of six metres and are now housed in the purpose-built Musee de l'Orangerie in Paris.

This version of the Water Lilies was a study for Monet's Grand Decorations, which probably explains the particularly thick brush strokes used and why the canvas can be seen on the painting's edges.

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9. Manet: Spring (Jeanne Demarsy)

Edouard Manet's Spring (Jeanne Demarsy) was sold in 2011 for $65 million
Sale Price: Adjusted Price: Date of Sale: Buyer/Seller:
$65m $89m 7 Nov 2011 J Paul Getty Museum Los Angeles / Unknown

Edouard Manet's Spring is the first work by this artist on our list.

It recently fetched $65 million when auctioned by Christie's in New York in November 2011, giving it an adjusted price of $75.9 million

By 1881, when Spring was produced, Manet was seriously ill. He had contracted syphilis in his youth and it was attacking his nerves and impairing his ability to walk. He followed his doctors' orders, which normally involved taking the waters at a thermal spa, but this did little to alleviate his symptoms.

But Manet never stopped painting, though his illness often meant that he could no longer paint out of doors or in situ (his most famous late work, the Bar at the Folies Bergeres, was painted from a reconstructed bar in his studio).

A painters pallete Interesting fact...

Manet was urbane and witty and so had few enemies. But he fought a fencing duel with Louis Duranty in February 1870. Duranty was an art critic and one of Manet's friends. And Manet became incensed after Duranty penned an ambiguous review about one of his works. Duranty sustained a minor injury in the duel, which took place in the Forest of Saint-Germain, and the two men were friends again before too long!

Spring was the first of an intended set of four paintings, depicting the four seasons. It features a young and aspiring actress, Jeanne Demarsy. In the event, only Spring and Winter were produced before Manet's death.

The picture is important because it was the final critical success of Manet's career. Positive feedback was rare for Manet, who threw down the gauntlet to the conservative art establishment in the early 1860s with works such as Dejuner sur l'herbe and Olympia. This was one of the many ways in which Manet inspired the other impressionists.

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10. Monet: Nympheas

Claude Monet's 1905 work Nympheas
Sale Price: Adjusted Price: Date of Sale: Buyer/Seller:
$43.72m $54.36m Nov 2012 Unknown/ Estate of Ethel Strong Allen

Monet's 1905 Nympheas is one of the best mid-sized versions of his water lily series.

The third water lily painting in the top ten, Monet's 1905 work was sold by Christie's New York in November 2012 for almost $44 million (giving it an adjusted price of over $54 million)

Completed in 1905, about a decade after Monet first started his Water Lily series, the work uses light but not saturated colours (compare entry 7), and takes in a large portion of pond surface (compare entries 4 and 7).

A painters pallete Interesting fact...

Monet lived at Giverny, about an hour north-west of Paris, between 1883 and his death in 1926. In 1914, when the Germans were advancing on Paris at the outset of the First World War, he refused to leave his beloved home even when it looked like France would fall within days.

As the years went by, Monet typically painted larger canvasses, focussed on smaller areas of his ponds, and used more saturated colours. This 1905 work is therefore a good yardstick against which to assess the other Water Lilies.

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11. Degas: Danseuse en Repos

Edgar Degas' Danseuse en Repos was sold for $37 million by Sotheby's New York in November 2008.
Sale Price: Adjusted Price: Date of Sale: Buyer/Seller:
$37m $51.57m November 2008 Unknown

Edgar Degas' Danseuse en Repos, predominantly a pastel work, is the first entry from Degas on our list.

It sold for $37 million when auctioned by Sotheby's in New York in November 2008, giving it an adjusted price of $51,575,332.41.

Degas

Born in 1834, Edgar Degas was one of the older impressionists. He was great friends with Manet but differed in personality: he was rude and demanding.

His father's bank failed in the early 1870s meaning that Degas actually had to sell his works to survive. Fortunately, it was at about this time that he became obsessed with painting ballet dancers.

The painting

Painted in 1879, the work does not depict a ballerina on stage with the spotlight on her. The work is instead a far more intimate portrait of a ballerina stretching before or after her performance.

Degas was granted special access to the Garnier Opera House in Paris to paint and draw the dancers. The rich pastel work on this canvas appears to have been produced from an elevated platform, with Degas looking down on the dancer. This was typical of Degas' dancers series: he like to play around with viewpoints and perspective.

A painters pallete Interesting fact...

Degas was almost certainly an anti-Semite. Between 1894 and 1906 a political scandal rocked France surrounding the imprisonment for treason of an army officer of Jewish descent. The officer, Alfred Dreyfus, was innocent but the army top brass refused to review the evidence objectively. Over this period, Degas was a fervent and outspoken supporter of the army's position.

Experts say that some of the pastel was applied with a moistened brush and that the work also includes some gouache (an opaque water-based paint that dries to give a matte finish) to achieve a greater degree of flatness.

Danseuse en Repos was previously sold by Sotheby's in London in June 1999 for £17.6 million, smashing the estimate of £6-7 million and setting the record price for a Degas. When currency exchange and inflation are taken into account, Sotheby's New York's November 2008 sale achieved almost exactly the same price.

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12. Manet: Self-Portrait with a Palette

Edouard Manet's Self Portrait with Palette, sold by Sotheby's London in 2010 for £22 million.
Sale Price: Adjusted Price: Date of Sale: Buyer/Seller:
$22m $47.1m June 2010 Franck Giraud/ Steven A Cohen

Edouard Manet's Self-Portrait with Palette is the second Manet on our list.

It sold for £22 million when auctioned by Sotheby's in London in June 2010, giving it an adjusted price of $47.1 million.

Painted in 1878, when Manet knew he was seriously ill, this work depicts Manet as he saw himself in a mirror (so he appears left-handed). He is every inch the stylish gentleman: a pearl stickpin in his black cravat, donning a black bowler hat, and with a white shirt and camel jacket.

Manet presumably wanted posterity to see him dressed for the boulevard, perhaps en route to one of his beloved cafes (initially the Cafe Guerbois and then the Cafe Nouvelle-Athens).

A painters pallete Interesting fact...

Manet was slightly older than the rest of the impressionists and was the first to take on the conservative art establishment. He shocked the art world with his painting of a naked and unapologetic Parisian prostitute, exhibited in the Salon in 1865. The work, called Olympia, is perhaps the most controversial work of all time.

Manet painted himself four other times. On three of these occasions, in Le Peche, Music in the Tuileries and Ball at the Opera, he makes only a cameo appearance. And Manet's only other full-sized self-portrait remained an unfinished oil sketch (entitled Self-Portrait with Cap, it can be seen in Tokyo's Bridgestone Museum of Art).

Self-Portrait with a Palette is accordingly an important work, perhaps the most significant Manet in private hands.

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13. Pissarro: Boulevard Montmartre (Spring Morning)

Pissarro's Boulevarde Montmatre: Spring Morning sold for £19.9 million in London in 2014. It is the first Pissarro on our list.
Sale Price: Adjusted Price: Date of Sale: Buyer/Seller:
$19.9m $38.3m Feb 2014 Undisclosed

Camille Pissarro's Le Boulevard de Montmartre, Matinée de Printemps (Spring Morning) is the first Pissarro on our list.

It sold for £19.9 million when auctioned by Sotheby's in London in February 2014, giving it an adjusted price of $38.3 million.

The Boulevard Montmatre series of 14 canvasses is Pissarro's piece de resistance. Painted between 10 February and 17 April 1897, Pissarro captured the famous street at different times of the day and in different weather conditions. His Boulevard Montmatre at night, housed in London's National Gallery, is probably the jewel in the crown and is one of our top 10 impressionist paintings.

Pissarro has a long list of other achievements. Born in St Thomas in the Dutch East Indies in 1830, Pissarro was sent to boarding school in France at the age of 12 and studied the French masters. Initially drawn to the realist painting style of Corot and Courbet, Pissarro met fellow impressionists Manet, Monet and Cezanne in the early 1860s.

He went on to become the glue that held the impressionist group, and its numerous difficult characters, together. Thus, he was involved in organising a number of the independent impressionist exhibitions, and has the distinction of being the only major impressionist to have exhibited in all eight exhibitions held between 1874 and 1886. Cezanne said of Pissarro:

"He was a father for me. A man to consult a little like the good Lord."

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14. Monet: Le Palais Ducal

Monet's Le Palais Ducal sold at Sotheby's London on 26 February 2019 for £24 million
Sale Price: Adjusted Price: Date of Sale: Buyer/Seller:
£27,534,000 $36.2m 26 February 2019 Undisclosed

Claude Monet was remarkably industrious in his old age.

This included during a three month trip to Venice in 1908, when Monet was aged 68, which resulted in a treasure-trove of 37 canvasses.

Though the last 30 years of his life were principally devoted to painting his heavenly garden at Giverny, Monet made a number of painting trips. The most famous of them were to Rome (where he was pictured with a pigeon on his head in St Mark's Square), London (where he stayed at the Savoy and painted the Houses of Parliament and Thames) and Venice.

When he arrived in Venice, Monet was taken aback by the city's beauty. He observed: "It is too beautiful to be painted! It is untranslatable!" But his 37 canvasses proved him wrong. Amongst the most famous are San Giorgio Maggiore at Twilight and The Grand Canal.

The Palais Ducal (or the Doge's Palace) is now a museum and was the home of the Doge of Venice, the head of the former Venetian Republic. Monet draws attention to some of the Palace's architectural features, for instance its arches and a column to the left of the painting, but he really uses this canvass to paint rippling water in light and in shadow.

The Palais Ducal was the headline attraction of Sotheby's Impressionism sale held on 26 February 2019. After a bidding war between two undisclosed telephone buyers, the painting sold for £24 million (or £27,534,000 when premiums are factored in).

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15. Monet: Exterieur de la Gare Saint-Lazare

Monet's Exterior of the Saint-Lazare station was sold for $32.9 million in mid-2018
Sale Price: Adjusted Price: Date of Sale: Buyer/Seller:
$32.9m $34.6m May 2018 Undisclosed

Claude Monet's Extérieur de la gare Saint-Lazare (Effet du Soleil) is the next Monet on our list.

It sold for $32.9 million when auctioned by Christie's in New York in May 2018, giving it an adjusted price of $34.6 million.

16. Monet: Exterieur de la Gare Saint-Lazare

Monet's Exterior of the Saint-Lazare station was sold for £24.9 million in June 2018
Sale Price: Adjusted Price: Date of Sale: Buyer/Seller:
£24.9m $34.5m June 2018 Undisclosed

Another version of Claude Monet's Extérieur de la gare Saint-Lazare is the next Monet on our list.

It sold for £24.9 million when auctioned by Christie's in London in June 2018, giving it an adjusted price of $34.5 million.

17. Monet: Le Bassin Aux Nympheas

Monet's Le Bassin Aux Nympheas was sold for $31.8 million in November 2018
Sale Price: Adjusted Price: Date of Sale: Buyer/Seller:
$31,812,500 $32.9m Nov 2018 Undisclosed

Claude Monet's Le Bassin Aux Nympheas is the next Monet on our list.

It sold for $31,812,500 when auctioned by Christie's in New York in November 2018, giving it an adjusted price of $32.9 million.

18. Monet: Poplars

This version of Monet's Poplars sold at Christie's New York for $22.4 million in May 2011
Sale Price: Adjusted Price: Date of Sale: Buyer/Seller:
$22,482,500 $29.4m May 2011 Undisclosed/ Undisclosed Asian collector

Claude Monet's Poplars also makes the top 20.

It sold for $22,482,500 when auctioned by Christie's in New York in May 2011, giving it an adjusted price of $29.4 million.

Monet is famous for his series of paintings: water lilies, haystacks, poplars, Rouen cathedral, the Houses of Parliament etc. The collection of 24 poplar works were created in 1891, when Monet learned that a stand of mature poplars close to his Giverny home were to be felled. He made a deal with the lumberjack to stay their execution to give time for Monet to paint them.

The resulting collection of poplars from different perspectives, in different light conditions, and in different seasons was an instant success. Paul Durand-Ruell sold a large number of the series within weeks for prices of 3,000 to 4,000 francs.

Most are now housed in the world's leading museums, meaning that the 2011 sale of this Poplar piece was much anticipated.

Monet's technique when painting Poplars is fascinating: he worked from a floating studio, and often worked on numerous canvasses during the same painting session (sometimes changing canvass as often as once every seven minutes!).

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19. Monet: Nympheas

This version of Monet's Nympheas sold at Sotheby's London for £21 million on 19 June 2019.
Sale Price: Adjusted Price: Date of Sale: Buyer/Seller:
$21m $26,460,000 19 June 2019 Unknown

Claude Monet's Nympheas sold for £21 million ($26.46 million) at Sotheby's London on 19 June 2019.

The price was a disappointment for Sotheby's, who had estimated that the work would achieve £25-£35 million. But, with buyers' fees, the price to be paid is still a whopping £23.7 million ($29.7 million).

20. Monet: Matinée sur la Seine

Matinée sur la Seine sold at Christie's New York for $23.375 million in November 2017
Sale Price: Adjusted Price: Date of Sale: Buyer/Seller:
$23,375,000 $25m November 2017 Undisclosed

Claude Monet's Matinée sur la Seine scrapes into the top 20.

It sold for $23,375,000 when auctioned by Christie's in New York in November 2017, giving it an adjusted price of $25.0 million.

21. Monet: Les Glaccons Bennecourt

Monet's Les Glaccons Bennecourt sold for $23.7 million in November 2017
Sale Price: Adjusted Price: Date of Sale: Buyer/Seller:
$23,372,500 $24.2m Nov 2017 Unknown

Claude Monet's Les Glaccons Bennecourt is the next Monet on our list.

It sold for $23,372,500 when auctioned by Sotheby's in New York in November 2017, giving it an adjusted price of $24.2 million.

22. Cezanne: Vue sur L'Estaque et le Château d'If

Cezanne's Chateaux d'If at l'Estaque sold for £13.5 million in 2015.
Artist: Work: Adjusted price (sale price): Date of Sale:
Paul Cezanne Vue sur L'Estaque et le Château d'If $24.239 million (£13.522 million) February 2015

23. Caillebotte: Le pont d'Argenteuil et la Seine

Caillebotte's Le pont d'Argenteuil et la Seine was sold by Christie's New York for just over $18 million in November 2011.
Artist: Work: Adjusted price (sale price): Date of Sale:
Paul Cezanne Le pont d'Argenteuil et la Seine ( The Argenteuil Bridge and the Seine) $23,271,438 ($18,002,500) 2 November 2011

24. Monet: Iris mauves

Monet's Purple Irises, a preparatory work for his water lily series, sold in June 2015 for £10.8 million.
Artist: Work: Adjusted price (sale price): Date of Sale:
Claude Monet Iris mauves (Purple Irises) $19,711,460 (£10,834,500) 23 June 2015

25. Monet: Glacons, Effet Blanc

Monet's Glacons Effet Blanc sold for over $16 million in November 2013.
Artist: Work: Adjusted price (sale price): Date of Sale:
Claude Monet Glacons, Effet Blanc $19.603 million ($16.125 million) 6 Nov 2013

26. Monet: Giverny Grainstacks

Monet's Giverny Grainstacks, sold by Christie's New York in May 2015 for $16.4 million
Artist: Work: Adjusted price (sale price): Date of Sale:
Claude Monet Les meules à Giverny (the Giverny Grainstacks) $19.068 million ($16.405 million) 15 May 2015

27. Renoir: L'ombrelle

Renoir's Umbrella, sold by Christie's London for £9.673 million in February 2013
Artist: Work: Adjusted price (sale price): Date of Sale:
Pierre-Auguste Renoir L'ombrelle $18,758,585.47 (£9,673,250) 6 Feb 2013

28. Monnet: La Seine a Lavacourt

Monet's The Seine at Lavacourt, sold by Christie's New York for $15.837 million in May 2018
Artist: Work: Adjusted price (sale price): Date of Sale:
Claude Monet La Seine a Lavacourt $16.855 million ($15,837,500.00 ) 8 May 2018

29. Monet: Young Girl in the Giverny Garden

Monet's Young Girl in the Giverny Garden, sold by Christie's New York for $16.062 million in November 2018
Artist: Work: Adjusted price (sale price): Date of Sale:
Claude Monet Jeune fille dans le jardin de Giverny (Young Girl in the Giverny Garden) $16.836 million ($16,062,500) 11 Nov 2018

30. Monet: Snow Effect at Giverny

Monet's Snow Effect at Giverny, sold by Christie's New York for $15 million in November 2018
Artist: Work: Adjusted price (sale price): Date of Sale:
Claude Monet Effet de neige à Giverny (Snow Effect at Giverny) $16.249 million ($15,000,000) 11 Nov 2018

31. Degas: Danseuses

Degas' Danseuses was sold by Christie's New York for over $10.7 million in November 2009
Artist: Work: Adjusted price (sale price): Date of Sale:
Edgar Degas Danseuses $14.682 million ($10,722,500) 3 November 2009

32. Monet: Au Parc Monceau

Monet's Au Parc Monceau was sold by Christie's London for £6.3 million in June 2009
Artist: Work: Adjusted price (sale price): Date of Sale:
Claude Monet Au Parc Monceau $14,436,900 (£6,313,250) 23 June 2009

33. Degas: Three Dancers

Degas' Three Dancers was sold by Christie's New York for almost $12 million in May 2015
Artist: Work: Adjusted price (sale price): Date of Sale:
Edgar Degas Trois danseuses (Three Dancers) $13,866,951 ($11.925 million) 14 May 2015

34. Manet: Lilac and Roses

Manet's Lilas et Roses sold for almost $13 million in New York in May 2018.
Artist: Work: Adjusted price (sale price): Date of Sale:
Edouard Manet Lilas et Roses (Lilac and Roses) $13,805,423.31 ($12,968,750) 8 May 2018

35. Renoir: Nude woman lying down

Renoir's Femme Nue Couchee sold for over $10 million in New York in May 2010.
Artist: Work: Adjusted price (sale price): Date of Sale:
Pierre-Auguste Renoir Femme nue couchée, Gabrielle (Gabrielle: Nude woman lying down) $13,722,962 ($10,162,500) 4 May 2010

36. Renoir: Young Girls Playing at the Wheel

Renoir's Jeunes filles jouant au volant was sold by Christie's New York for $11.36 million in May 2014
Artist: Work: Adjusted price (sale price): Date of Sale:
Pierre-Auguste Renoir Jeunes filles jouant au volant (Young Girls Playing at the Wheel) $13,626,567 ($11,365,000) 6 May 2014

37. Degas: In the Wings

Degas' Dans les Coulisses (In the Wings) was sold by Christie's London for over £9.2 million in February 2018
Artist: Work: Adjusted price (sale price): Date of Sale:
Edgar Degas Dans les coulisses (In the Wings) $13.54 million (£9,233,750) 27 Feb 2018

38. Morisot: Apres Le Dejeuner (After Lunch)

Berthe Morisot's Apres Le Dejuner was sold by Christie's London in July 2013 for almost £7 million
Artist: Work: Adjusted price (sale price): Date of Sale:
Berthe Morisot Apres Le Dejeuner (After Lunch) $13,150,582 (£6,985,250) 2 July 2013

39. Pissarro: Rue Saint-Lazare in Daylight

Pissarro's Rue Saint-Lazare in Daylight was sold by Christie's in November 2018 for $12.35 million
Artist: Work: Adjusted price (sale price): Date of Sale:
Camille Pissarro La Rue Saint-Lazare, temps lumineux (Rue Saint-Lazare in Daylight) $12,947,065 ($12,350,000) 11 Nov 2018

40. Monet: Au Petit-Gennevilliers

Monet's Au Petit-Gennevilliers was sold by Christie's New York for $11.3665 million in May 2016
Artist: Work: Adjusted price (sale price): Date of Sale:
Claude Monet Au Petit-Gennevilliers $12,838,107 ($11,365,000) 12 May 2016

41. Monet: Weeping Willow

Monet's Saule Pleureur (Weeping Willow) was sold by Christie's London for £8.9 million in May 2018
Artist: Work: Adjusted price (sale price): Date of Sale:
Claude Monet Saule pleureur (Weeping Willow) $12,648,368 (£8,901,000) 8 May 2018

42. Monet: La route de Vétheuil, effet de neige

Monet's La route de Vétheuil, effet de neige was sold by Christie's New York for $11.44 million in May 2017
Artist: Work: Adjusted price (sale price): Date of Sale:
Claude Monet La route de Vétheuil, effet de neige $12,549,578 ($11,447,500) 15 May 2017

43. Manet: L'Italienne

Manet's l'Italienne was sold by Christie's New York for $11 million in May 2018
Artist: Work: Adjusted price (sale price): Date of Sale:
Edouard Manet L'Italienne $11,713,646 ($11,000,000) 15 May 2018

44. Cezanne: Trees and House next to the Water

Cezanne's Arbres et Maison au bord to l'eau was sold by Sotheby's New York for $11.137 million in November 2018
Artist: Work: Adjusted price (sale price): Date of Sale:
Paul Cezanne Arbres et Maison au bord to l'eau (Trees and House next to the Water) $11,685,301 ($11,137,400) 11 Nov 2018

45. Monnet: Vétheuil

Monet's Vétheuil was sold by Christie's London for over £7.5 million in February 2018
Artist: Work: Adjusted price (sale price): Date of Sale:
Claude Monet Vétheuil $11,254,057 (£7,546,250) 27 Feb 2018

46. Monet: Prairie à Giverny

Monet's Prairie à Giverny was sold by Christie's London for £5.081 million in June 2011
Artist: Work: Adjusted price (sale price): Date of Sale:
Claude Monet Prairie à Giverny $10,929,809 (£7,546,250) 27 Feb 2018

47. Renoir: La source (Nu allongé)

Renoir's La source (Nu allongé) was sold by Christie's London for £5.081 million in June 2011
Artist: Work: Adjusted price (sale price): Date of Sale:
Pierre-Auguste Renoir La source (Nu allongé) $10,826,849 (£5,081,250) 21 June 2011

48. Cezanne: Apples on a cloth

Cezanne's Pommes sur un linge was sold by Christie's New York for $9.125 million in November 2015
Artist: Work: Adjusted price (sale price): Date of Sale:
Paul Cezanne Pommes sur un linge (Apples on a cloth) $10,465,897 ($9,125,000) 12 Nov 2015

49. Monet: Bouquet de Glaieuls, Lis et Marguerites

Monet's Bouquet of Gadiolas, Lilies and Dasies was sold by Sotheby's New York for $9.556 million in November 2018
Artist: Work: Adjusted price (sale price): Date of Sale:
Claude Monet Bouquet of Gadiolas, Lilies and Dasies (Bouquet de Glaieuls, Lis et Marguerites) $10,032,629 ($9,556,800) 11 Nov 2018

50. Monet: L'Ile aux Orties

Monet's L'Ile aux Orties was sold by Christie's New York for $8.11 million in November 2013
Artist: Work: Adjusted price (sale price): Date of Sale:
Claude Monet L'Ile aux Orties $9,891,147 ($8,117,000) 5 Nov 2013

51. Renoir: Gabrielle Au Miroir (Gabrielle at the Mirror)

Renoir's Gabrielle Au Miroir (Gabrielle at the Mirror) was sold by Christie's New York for $9.125 million in November 2015
Artist: Work: Adjusted price (sale price): Date of Sale:
Pierre-Auguste Renoir Gabrielle Au Miroir (Gabrielle at the Mirror) $9,684,750 ($9,087,500) 8 May 2018

52. Renoir: The Two Sisters

Renoir's Les deux soeurs (The Two Sisters) was sold by Christie's New York for $8 million in May 2014
Artist: Work: Adjusted price (sale price): Date of Sale:
Pierre-Auguste Renoir Les deux soeurs (The Two Sisters) $9,613,505 ($8,005,000) 6 May 2014

53. Cezanne: La Cote Saint Denis a Pontoise

Cezanne's La Cote Saint Denis a Pontoise was sold by Christie's New York for $8.64 million in May 2017
Artist: Work: Adjusted price (sale price): Date of Sale:
Paul Cezanne La Cote Saint Denis a Pontoise $9,489,232 ($8,647,500) 15 May 2017

54. Monet: Le Rio de la Salute

Monet's Le Rio de la Salute was sold by Christie's New York for $8.18 million in November 2017
Artist: Work: Adjusted price (sale price): Date of Sale:
Claude Monet Le Rio de la Salute $8,849,423 ($8,187,500) 23 Nov 2017

55. Caillebotte: Le Pont de l'Europe, esquisse

Caillebotte's Le Pont de l'Europe, esquisse was sold by Christie's New York for $8.18 million in November 2017
Artist: Work: Adjusted price (sale price): Date of Sale:
Gustave Caillebotte Le Pont de l'Europe, esquisse $8,849,423 ($8,187,500) 23 Nov 2017

56. Renoir: Buste de femme, de profil

Renoir's Buste de femme, de profil was sold by Christie's New York for $8.18 million in November 2017
Artist: Work: Adjusted price (sale price): Date of Sale:
Pierre-Auguste Renoir Buste de femme, de profil $8,848,706 ($8,187,500) 23 Nov 2017

57. Cezanne: Nature Morte

Cezanne's Nature Morte was sold by Sotheby's New York for $8.13 million in November 2017
Artist: Work: Adjusted price (sale price): Date of Sale:
Paul Cezanne Nature Morte $8,793,338 ($8,131,000) 14 Nov 2017

58. Monet: Le Givre (The Frost)

Monet's Le Givre (The Frost) was sold by Christie's New York for $7.221 million in May 2014
Artist: Work: Adjusted price (sale price): Date of Sale:
Claude Monet Le Givre (The Frost) $7,221,000 ($8,423,480) 6 May 2014
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